BASELINE definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary

MedTerms medical dictionary is the medical terminology for Our doctors define difficult medical language in easy-to-understand explanations of over 19,000 medical terms. MedTerms online medical dictionary provides quick access to hard-to-spell and often misspelled medical definitions through an extensive alphabetical listing. Project baselines are indispensable tools that can keep your projects on track, your teams motivated, and your clients happy. By taking the time to create, optimize, manage, and track them, you’ll overcome most hurdles and produce results you’ll be proud of. (Congratulations, by the way!) Now it’s time to create your project plan by planning its three major baselines.

definition of baseline

The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. Function, they are an important benchmark of behavior and neural processing during institutionalization. These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge. She delivered a final serve from the baseline to win the match.

I remember asking him if he really knew what he was doing, and he laughed. In triangulation, the side of one of a series of coordinated triangles the length of which is measured with prescribed accuracy and precision and from which lengths of the other triangle sides are obtained by computation. In photogrammetry, the line between the principal points of two consecutive air photographs. It is usually measured on one photograph after the principal point of the other has been transferred. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

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Interviews with students provided the baseline of our project. Key stakeholders, even non-technical ones, will be able to grasp the end goals and expected timelines of a development project. Describes the specific milestones of the development, defines the deliverables, and summarizes the desired outcome of the project. Of a baseline always remains the same — to serve as a point of comparison — businesses can use them in a few different ways.

definition of baseline

A project baseline allows you to efficiently oversee and manage how a change in your schedule, cost, or scope affects everything else. When you’ve integrated all three elements properly, you can, for example, see how a delay in the schedule will affect the cost of the project and even change its scope. When integration is incomplete or nonexistent, problems may not be recognized until it’s too late for a cost-effective solution. In product management, setting a baseline at the outset will ensure that all team members have a clear goal in mind when it comes to duration, cost, and requirements of the development. Teams will agree upon certain criteria for the baseline based on historical data, then use this foundation as a reference point by which costs, sales, and other variables will be measured over time.

Types Of Project Management Software (With Examples)

If a company opens a new warehouse, for example, and the cost baseline has been set at $100,000 per month every month for 10 months, any monthly cost exceeding $100,000 is a red flag for the budget analyst. The collaborative and constantly updated encyclopedia is free for everyone to use and perfect for candidate who are preparing for MMD written or oral exams such as Second mate, Chief mate or Masters. All of the entries have been written and approved by actual scholars, which means you won’t have a problem when it comes time to cite sources. In addition to our massive store of reference material for fellow mariners, we are providing online bookings for various Maritime courses in maritime institutes across India.

In project budgeting, the approved budget numbers are the baselines for comparison of actual expenses. Project budgeting works from what is known as a cost baseline. The cost baseline is the budget approved for the project, usually broken down in some detail by cost category and cost period of time. This exercise is useful in spotting trends, looking at areas of growth or decline, and assessing financial performance overall.

definition of baseline

A line on the body plan or sheer plan of a hull, representing a horizontal reference plane for vertical dimensions. The line at each end of a tennis court, parallel to the net, that marks the in-bounds limit of play. Add baseline to one of your lists below, or create a new one. More limited jurisdictions can be claimed in a region up to 200 nautical miles from those baselines. We have chosen this distance because it is within six miles from baselines that almost all the static gear fishing is carried out. Since then the money has been built into health authorities’ recurrent revenue baselines and is no longer centrally earmarked for waiting list initiatives.

What is a Baseline?

All of these things must be included for an accurate baseline measure. However, it’s important for all marketers to track customer’s purchase trends according definition of baseline to the time of the year, climate, holidays, or other events. Understanding how and when your clients make a purchase can give you a substantial advantage.

A historical baseline is just one way of establishing a baseline value. When you choose a past year as your baseline you are functionally assuming that the future, in the absence of your intervention, will stay unchanged relative to the past year you choose. That may be a perfectly good baseline scenario assumption for some situations.

First, identifying the company’s baseline helps you accurately calculate the incremental impact of your marketing efforts. You can track the percentage of your sales growth in general and the percentage of the sales growth you gained because of the new marketing method. Abaselineis an attributed value of everything outside of your marketing efforts, including all costs, sales, or other variables that would have happened anyway.

Try doing that in project management and you’ll soon realize that you’re in the wrong profession. It is also possible to do the opposite, where the intervention was not implemented, and the baseline is what actually took place. In such cases, one could quantify theex postoutcome that an intervention would have achieved if it had been implemented. In this case it is the intervention scenario that is the ahistorical counterfactual. More simply put, a baseline is a reference state or the values against which we measure change. Consider every conversion made, not just those made by the customers who were attracted to your marketing.


It’s considered to be a fixed point of reference and is used for comparison purposes. Although it’s not easy to accurately measure the feedback on your actions, every marketer needs to do so to improve their business efficiency. One of the best ways to start using marketing analytics is to establish a performance baseline. The first period in a horizontal analysis is denoted as the baseline period.

  • In an element group, you reference all work results that you want to baseline.
  • I’m not judging- I used to do that too, and I understand my early team had special nicknames for me as a result.
  • Although it’s not easy to accurately measure the feedback on your actions, every marketer needs to do so to improve their business efficiency.
  • A line that serves as a basis or reference point for observing behavior.
  • For example, a public company will track the performance of each product line by choosing one year as a baseline and measuring all subsequent years against it.

When you’re baselining a project plan, stakeholder buy-in is essential. During the kick-off meeting, explain the plan to your team, the client, company management, and everyone else who is involved, so that they understand what they have to do, approve, etc. Make sure that they don’t equate the project plan with its timeline, which is only part of the baseline. While working on my thesis research project, trying to quantify the emissions reduction of some renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in Africa, I actually faced some difficulties while figuring out the baseline scenarios. The CDM Methodology Booklet-UNFCCC was of great help in the process, as it provides guidelines and also default values or assumptions in cases of lack of data.

If I’m venturing into new territory, I talk to more experienced colleagues or go on the Project Management Stack Exchange, which is an excellent Q&A resource for project managers. Using the tasks list and estimates to develop the schedule. As I stated earlier, I input my schedule into Teamweek, which also allows me to specify which team member is doing what task, how long it will reasonably take for them to complete it, and what the start and end dates are. If you’re involved with a startup, there’s a certain excitement and glamor in taking things day by day and being open to possibilities.


Roughly 1 million baseline tests are sitting in a file without a follow-up. But the region already enjoyed the cheapest prices in the country, and the increases on top of that baseline were miniscule. Yet at a baseline, that may be the most critical component of the show. Typically, there are baseline differences between men and women on this test, with men performing significantly better. There is no baseline of cleanliness, and no immediate options if it doesn’t suit your needs. A horizontal line in the immediate foreground formed by the intersection of the ground plane and the picture plane.


The Holiday Classic, winning on a baseline jumper by Amiri Meadows with less than a second to play in a National Division contest. LeBron James roamed the baseline near the Lakers bench, most seats still empty after the halftime intermission. The experiment is meant only to provide a baseline for other studies. Risk analysis is the process of assessing the likelihood of an adverse event occurring within the corporate, government, or environmental sector.

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For example, let’s assume that you’ve spent $10,000 of the budget allocated for your client’s new food service app. If your budget is $50,000 and you’re well into the project, it probably is. On the other hand, if the budget is $20,000 and week one is barely over, you’re going to have to review the project’s actual vs. projected cost with the client. This post covers the basics of baselines for GHG professionals. As professionals, we should strive to educate others and reduce common misunderstandings and oversimplifications of these core GHG mitigation concepts. In this brief post, I will focus on core baseline concepts and then provide some further reading links at the end if you want to learn more.

The third distinction is whether this quantified prediction is performed ex ante or ex post. More specifically, an ex ante baseline estimate is a forecast done before the event (i.e., action taken in response to the intervention) in question occurs. While an ex post baseline estimate is defined as the counterfactual (i.e., ahistorical) prediction of past performance after the event in question. For both, a change in GHG emissions is calculated as the difference between the baseline and intervention (e.g., project or policy) emission estimates across the time series of the intervention. Now with that essential concept addressed, the first distinction we must make is between a baseline scenario and baseline emissions. The baseline scenario is a description of the situation and outcome most likely to occur, again, under conditions where the recognized intervention is absent while holding all other factors constant.

responses to “What is a baseline?”

Horizontal analysis is used in financial statement analysis to compare historical data, such as ratios or line items, over a number of accounting periods. Software applications used by project management professionals typically are designed to maintain and track these three critical baseline measurements. In information technology management, the baseline is the anticipated or maximal level of performance.

The development of a product can easily veer off course with new features being added by different stakeholders — all of which can impact delivery milestones. This is where an established baseline can come in very useful. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘baseline.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. However, project costs inevitably fluctuate from baseline numbers as unknown and unexpected expenses or even, in some cases, savings are realized. The cost baseline can be updated to reflect actual project costs.

All group elements have now automatically received a version that is labeled with the baseline’s name in their history. In an element group, you reference all work results that you want to baseline. The original elements are still in the place you have saved them. When increases were compared to a baseline of 1.0, the magnitude of the improvements ranged from 0.67 all the way up to 1.63.

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